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MBR (Membrane Bio Reactor)
Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) combines a conventional activated sludge treatment with a membrane liquid-solid separation process.
The Solid-liquid separation is achieved by Microfiltration (MF) or Ultra filtration (UF) membranes. A membrane is used to separate components of fluids on the basis of their relative size. The capability of a membrane to allow transport of only specific compounds is called semi-permeability. This is a physical process, where separated components remain chemically unchanged. Components that pass through membrane pores are called permeate, while rejected ones form concentrate or retentate. cess)